ABACHA, Gen Sani

Born September 20, 1943

Kano, Kano State, Nigeria




General Sani Abacha was the de facto President of Nigeria from 1993 to 1998. His regime is controversial as there was widespread human-rights abuse and massive looting of the nation's treasury. He was a Nigerian Army general and politician
Gender: Male
Marital Status
  • Married
Name of Spouse Maryam Abacha
State of Origin: Borno State
Father's Name
Father's Status N/A
Mother's Name
Mother's Status N/A
Number of Male Children 7
Number of Female Children 3

Ibrahim Abacha
Mohammed Abacha
Abba Sani Abacha
Mahmud Sani Abacha
Sadiq Abacha
Zainab Abacha
Fatima Gumsu Sani Abacha
Rakiya Abacha
Abdullahi Abacha
Mustapha Abacha

Profession Soldier,Fmr President and C-in-C of the Fed. Republc of Nigeria (1993-1998)
Working Experience
Previous Appointments:

Commissioned Second Lieutenant, Nigerian Army, 1963;
Promoted Lieutenant 1966;
Captain 1967; served as
Platoon and Battalion Commander, NA;
Commander, Training Department, 2nd Infantry Division, NA;
Promoted Major 1969 and
Lieutenant Colonel, April 1972;
General Staff Officer Grade II, 2nd Infantry Division, NA, HQ Sector;
Battery Commander, Brigade Commander and assistant Quartermaster- General, 2nd Division, NA;
General Staff Officer Grade I, Nigerian Army School of Infantry;
Commanding Officer, 2nd Infantry Brigade, NA, former Director, Army Training Unit, NA; Commander, 9th Mechanised Brigade, NA;
Promoted Colonel 1975 and
Brigadier 1980;
General Officer Commanding, 2nd Mechanised Division, NA, 1984-85;
Promoted Major-General 1984;
Army Chief of Staff and member, Armed Forces Ruling Council (AFRC), August 1985; Lieutenant-General, October 1987;

Member, National Institute (mni), 1981;

City Senior Primary School, Kano State. Provincial Secondary School (now Government College), Kano State, 1957-62. Nigerian Military Training College, Kaduna, 1962-63. Defence Officers' Cadet Training College, Aldershot, UK, Jan.—Nov. 1963. School of Infantry MONS, 1964. Passed Staff College (psc), 1976.

His administration oversaw ECOMOG military successes in West Africa that raised Nigeria’s military profile. The Federal Government revealed that Mr. Abacha oversaw an increase in the country’s foreign exchange reserves from $494 million in 1993 to $9.6 billion by the middle of 1997; and reduced the external debt of Nigeria from $36 billion in 1993 to $27 billion in 1997.
The government noted that Mr. Abacha had brought all the controversial privatisation programs of the Babangida administration to a halt, reduced an inflation rate of 54 per cent inherited from the Ibrahim Babangida administration to 8.5 per cent between 1993 and 1998, while the nation’s primary commodity, oil, was at an average of $9 per barrel. Mr. Abacha’s administration was also credited with creating the most ‘comprehensive and realistic blueprint’ for Nigeria’s development through Vision 2010 committee chaired by his predecessor, Ernest Shonekan.

Squash, Lawn tennis, Billiards;

June 8,1998
Last Update

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